Responsibility for implementation is split between the federal government and the provinces.
Canada’s ten provinces have nearly universal health insurance plans that cover virtually all children and maintain most social welfare agencies. Children receive tax-supported elementary and secondary education. Minimum ages for employment are yet another provincial responsibility.
(PDF, 115KB) Canada is a constitutional monarchy which has a Parliament, composed of a Senate and House of Commons, and ten provinces which have legislative assemblies.
Since Canada’s various Constitution Acts do not assign the subject of children to either level of government, it is essentially split, with each level covering children as part of the jurisdictions conferred upon them.
The federal government has had to work with the provinces in implementing aspects of the original convention dealing with such matters as education and health care.At present, separate denominational and linguistic schools exist throughout much of Canada.In the largest cities and many other localities, there are separate Protestant and Catholic school boards.Hospitals are mostly operated by municipalities and charitable organizations.The major cities have hospitals that are devoted to treating sick children.