, chronos, "time") is a historical account of facts and events ranged in chronological order, as in a time line.
Typically, equal weight is given for historically important events and local events, the purpose being the recording of events that occurred, seen from the perspective of the chronicler.
This is in contrast to a narrative or history, which sets selected events in a meaningful interpretive context and excludes those the author does not see as important.
Where a chronicler obtained the information varies; some chronicles are written from first-hand knowledge, some are from witnesses or participants in events, still others are accounts passed mouth to mouth prior to being written down.
The earliest medieval chronicle to combine both retrospective (dead) and contemporary (live) entries, is the Chronicle of Ireland, which spans the years 431 to 911.
Scholars categorize the genre of chronicle into two subgroups: live chronicles, and dead chronicles.It is impossible to say how many chronicles exist, as the many ambiguities in the definition of the genre make it impossible to draw clear distinctions of what should or should not be included.However, the Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle lists some 2,500 items written between 3 AD.Modern New Zealand is world renown for being geological active with high mountains, frequent earthquakes, geothermally active areas and volcanoes.This is due to New Zealand's modern position on the boundary of the Australian and the Pacific Plates.